For those who are travel freaks, Bollywood romance lovers and watch passionate then Switzerland is always on the top of their favorite country list. Officially known as the Swiss Confederation, the country is a federal republic in the Europe. The nation comprises of 26 cantons and further the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. Located in the Western-Central Europe, the country shares its boundary with Italy in the south, Germany to the north, France to the west, and Austria and Liechtenstein the east direction.
Switzerland is a landlocked country which has a geographical division between the Swiss Plateau, the Alps, and the Jura. The total spanning area of the nation is 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi). Although the major part of the country is occupied by the Alps Mountain but the Swiss population which is roughly 8 million is concentrated on the plateau only. On the same plateau, the largest cities are found; among them are the two global cities and economic centers Zürich and Geneva.
Out of all the major languages, 3 of them are official in Switzerland. The characterization of the Swiss culture is done by the diversity of the country. This diversity is reflected via a number of traditional customs of the country because a country in some forms is fully and culturally related to the adjacent country that shares its language. Also, the country itself is being sourced in the culture of Western Europe. The linguistically detached Romansh culture in Graubünden from eastern Switzerland organizes an omission as it persists only in the upper valleys of the Inn and the Rhine which strives to preserve its exceptional linguistic ritual.
The country is notably a home to some of the contributors in the field of architecture, art, music, and sciences. Additionally, the nation hosts a number of creative persons during time of unrest or war in Europe. Around 1000 museum are distributed in the whole nation and this number has tripled since the year 1950. The most significant and rich cultural performances organized every year are the Paléo Festival, the Montreux Jazz Festival, the Locarno International Film Festival, the Lucerne Festival, and the Art Basel.
Post formation of the foundation for Confederation in the year 1291 which was almost exclusively composed of German-speaking regions. Also, the earliest forms of literature are in German. In the 18th century, in Bern, the fashionable language was French but the impact of the French-speaking associates and subject estates was more identified than before.
Out of all the classics of Swiss German literature, the most important ones are Gottfried Keller (1819–1890) and Jeremias Gotthelf (1797–1854). The acknowledged giants of 20th century Swiss literature are Friedrich Dürrenmatt (1921–90) and Max Frisch (1911–91), whose repertory comprises of Das Versprechen (The Pledge) and Die Physiker (The Physicists) which was released in the year 2001 as a Hollywood film.
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